The 30 Years War

June 25, 2007 · Posted in history, war, wars · Comment 

The Thirty Years’ War, 1618-1648, was mainly fought on the territory of today’s Germany, and involved most of the major European powers. Although it seemed a religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics, it boiled down to a clash between the Habsburg dynasty and other powers. Catholic France supported the Protestant side, showing that the motive was purely power–and that anti-Hapsburg sentiment.

The impact of the Thirty Years’ War and related episodes of famine and disease was devastating. The war may have lasted for 30 years, but the conflicts that triggered it continued unresolved for a much longer time. The war ended with the Treaty of Westphalia.    Read Full Article

The 100 Years War

June 25, 2007 · Posted in wars · Comment 

The Hundred Years’ War was a conflict between France and England, actually lasting 116 years from 1337 to 1453. Fought primarily over claims by the English kings to the French throne, it did have several brief plus two longer periods of peace before it finally ended with the expulsion of the English from France.

The war owes its historical significance to a number of factors. It gave rise to both French and English nationality. It led to the most important civil war in the history of England. The kings of England, especially Henry VI, focused on the war between France and England and ignored their domestic issues which then caused unrest from people in England and then led to The War of the Roses. Militarily, it brought new weapons and tactics, which eroded the older system of feudal armies dominated by heavy cavalry. The first standing armies in Western Europe since the time of the Western Roman Empire were introduced for the war, thus changing the role of the peasantry. For all this, as well as for its long duration, it is often viewed as one of the most significant conflicts in the history of medieval warfare.    Read Full Article